According to an estimate prepared by different ministries for the document titled “Infrastructure Vision @India 2047”, out the total Rs 835-870 lakh crore to be invested for infrastructure augmentation, nearly Rs 480-490 lakh crore would be for urban infrastructure and the second maximum investment of Rs 135-145 lakh crore for railways.
While one major thrust of the blueprint is to reduce the logistics cost and increasing speed and handling of cargo, the plan has set “aspirational” targets of reducing waiting time of commuters, ensuring 60% intercity rail passengers use high and semi-high speed trains and railways to meet its finance from its own revenue.
The plan also envisages developing seven Hyperloop lines, including two for cargo transport, and increasing the average speed of intercity transport by 2-3 times. The current average speed is close to 24 kmph. To meet this target, the plan draws the roadmap for increasing the length of expressways and access-controlled highways to 32,000 km from the current 320 km and augmenting the port capacity to handle cargo by four-fold, from 2,500 million tonnes per annum (MTPA) to 10,000 MTPA by 2047.
The document, which was presented at a recent meeting chaired by cabinet secretary Rajiv Gauba, has set a target to expand the Metro rail and other mass rapid transit system network to 5,000 km across 75 cities compared to the current cumulative length of 754 km in 27 cities. The plan also envisages that people in living in urban areas should have access to multimodal transit in less than 10 minutes walk from home.
“As cities will continue to be the economic growth centres, improving mobility has to meet the growing demand. Good and seamless mobility is directly linked to economic activities. The focus will also be on tier-2 and tier-3 cities. There is a big thrust on increasing the effective speed of public transport as well. The provision for tri-modal connectivity — road, rail and mass transport — has been envisaged in all cities with more than five lakh population,” said a source.
With the government focusing more on faster movement of cargo, there has been a lot of focus on improving logistics movement and the targets have been set considering the global benchmark. For example, the average speed of trucks in the United States is 80 kmph, nearly three times more than in India. Similarly, the vision document specifies that the government would put in place barrier free movement initiatives such as GPS-based tolling, dynamic toll rates and digital clearances so that Indian trucks can cover 700-750 km per day compared to the current rate of 250-400 km. Similarly, the increase in modal share of railways in freight transport has been targeted in the range of 40 to 45% by 2030 compared to the current share of 28%.
In the port sector, the document focuses on reducing the average turnaround time (TAT) of container vessels at Indian ports from the current 26 hours to 20 hours. The TAT is used to measure the efficiency of port operations.
For the aviation sector, the plan includes developing 20 new airports on an aerotropolis, 10 autonomous low frills cargo terminals and 20 integrated testing facilities for manufacturing and examination of drones.